Garbage output in Pune has increasedmanifold in the last few years. To combat this epidemic, Janwani partnered with Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), Cummins India, SWaCH, waste pickers and other stakeholders to establish a Zero Garbage Ward in Katraj.
What is Zero Garbage?Is it No garbage collection Or is it No garbage creation? Confused? Let’s address this and resolve the confusion!
The primary objective is the proper of segregation of organic and inorganic waste. Organic material is used in the biogas plant which completely eliminates transportation cost to the landfill. Inorganic material, such as plastics and glass, are sold as scrap. The objective of Zero Garbage Project is to process all waste at the ward level itself, thereby reducing transportation and labour costs and subsequently eliminating the need for landfills.
Janwani teamed up with MITCON Institute of Management and undertook an intensive study of into the current practices of waste management in the Katraj ward.An implementation plan and strategy was then devised by Janwani and partners to chalk out an implementation plan based solely on the data collected.
SWaCH Cooperative helped in training the waste pickers on the importance and the know how to segregate organic and plastic/glass/metal waste. The waste pickers were also trained in the handling non-recyclable garbage. Once trained, PMC integrated themwith the ward’s door-to-door collection system.
One of our key project partners, Cummins, launched the “SwatchtaMitra,” a cleanliness campaign that involved local citizens. We at, Janwani, commissioned a local performer to enact puppet shows to educate the residents about garbage segregation. This innovative method proved effective.
Despite the efforts, when the project was first initiated, residents did not provide waste pickers with segregated waste, so a need for continuousawareness was felt to alter their behavior.
In the final phase, the project was implemented in separate pockets of the ward and community garbage bins were removed from the area. Removal of the bins was are a significant step because it forced residents to use door-to-door collection instead of dropping mixed waste into these containers and the meanwhilethe technology to generate value from organic waste was implemented.
A biogas plant was opened in Katraj that uses the organic waste to generate electricity to power street lights. A plant to create fuel pellets that can be used in industrial furnaces is being experimented.
To guarantee effective monitoring and replication of the new process, Janwani and PMC developed an ISO manual, the first ever for solid waste management in India.
Waste pickers were provided with the necessary training, infrastructure, multiple bins for the segregation of waste, raincoats, gloves, soap, pushcarts and cycle rickshaws.
Residents of Katraj also needed training. Volunteers from Cummins India helped raise awareness among the residents about the importance of waste segregation and distributed bins to the households for segregated waste.